Van Wijngaarden and Happer: 2n-Stream Radiative Transfer

The understanding of Earth’s climate depends to a large extent on our knowledge of radiative transfer processes in the atmosphere. Short wavelength radiation in the visible range from the sun enters the atmosphere and finds its way to the surface to warm it. Long wavelength radiation in the infrared range is emitted from the surface to find its way to the universe and cools the planet. The energy balance between these two streams of radiation has a profound influence on the temperature and the conditions to sustain life as we know it on our planet. Atmospheric physics is essential in understanding the relevant processes.

In their new paper, Van Wijngaarden and Happer direct their attention to radiation transfer in the atmosphere, but with clouds to scatter incoming and outgoing radiation. In this context, the role of greenhouse gases is only secondary. The main purpose of this paper is to develop a flexible mathematical-physical framework to deal with all kinds of different scattering processes.

Download the pdf here: 2n-Stream Radiative Transfer


Testimony of CO2 Coalition Executive Director Gregory Wrightstone Before the Pennsylvania House Environmental Resources and Energy Committee 

Testimony of Gregory Wrightstone Executive Director, CO2 Coalition Before the Pennsylvania House Environmental Resources and Energy Committee October 24, 2022 Fossil Fuels: The Greenest Energy   Good morning. Thank you for the opportunity to speak. I am Gregory Wrightstone, executive director of the CO2 Coalition, based in Arlington, Virginia. I am also a native of Cumberland… Continue Reading

Climate Impacts“ of Fossil Fuels in Today’s Energy Systems

Authors: Dr. Lars Schernikau is an energy economist, investor,  raw materials expert, and member of the CO2 Coalition (Orcid 6469-0117). Prof. William Hayden Smith is Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences at McDonnell Center for Space Sciences at Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA (Orcid 9839-7023). Continue Reading

Join our effort to build a greener future.

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.