On the Inability of Wind and Solar Electric Generation to Power Modern Civilization

There is a societal push to replace fossil and nuclear fuel, which currently generate ~85% of the
world’s electric power, with wind and solar powered generation of electricity. However, there are
significant physical, economic, reliability, and environmental barriers to this replacement. This paper
discusses them and concludes that for the foreseeable future, we are stuck with the more
conventional sources if we want civilization for the masses to survive.


Wallace Manheimer is a life fellow of both American Physical Society (APS) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).

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