Dense phase carbon dioxide treatment of mango in syrup: Microbial and enzyme inactivation, and associated quality change

By Yingjie Tang, Yinuo Jiang, Pu Jing and Shunshan Jiao


  • Optimal DPCD treatment for mango in syrup (20 MPa, 60 °C, 30 min) was obtained.
  • It completely killed S. aureus and E. coli with initial concentration of > 8-log CFU/mL.
  • DPCD treatment completely inactivated polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase activities.
  • DPCD treatment had minimal impacts on color and retained better nutritional quality.
  • The shelf-life of DPCD-treated mango in syrup was estimated to be <86 days at 25 °C.


Dense phase carbon dioxide (DPCD) has been mainly explored as a new non-thermal pasteurization method for liquid foods. However, it’s pasteurization efficacy absolutely needs to be further investigated for solid-liquid food mixtures, such as mango in syrup. This study aimed to investigate pasteurization and enzyme inactivation effects for DPCD treatment, and evaluate quality changes by comparing with traditional thermal pasteurization (TP) method. Optimal DPCD treatment (20 MPa, 60 °C, 30 min) was determined by conducting single factor and orthogonal experiments. Staphylococcus aureus CICC 10384 and Escherichia coli CICC 10003, which were selected as representative gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens in mango in syrup, could be completely inactivated by the optical DPCD treatment with initial concentrations of >8-log CFU/mL. Polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase activities could be completely inactivated after the optimal DPCD processing. Less adverse effect on pH and color, and higher amounts of vitamin C and total phenols of samples were observed after DPCD treatment when compared with TP treatment. The shelf-life of mango in syrup treated with DPCD was estimated to be <86 days (25 °C) based on an accelerated shelf-life testing (ASLT). This study demonstrated that DPCD treatment can be considered as a promising pasteurization technology

The full (paywalled) article appeared on the Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies website at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1466856421000898


Subscribe to Our Informative Weekly Newsletter Here:

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.