Elevated carbon dioxide alleviates aluminum toxicity by decreasing cell wall hemicellulose in rice (Oryza sativa)

By Xiao Fang Zhu et al. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is involved in plant growth as well as plant responses to abiotic stresses; however, it remains unclear whether CO2 is involved in the response of rice (Oryza sativa) to aluminum (Al) toxicity. In the current study, we discovered that elevated CO2 (600 µL•L-1) significantly alleviated Al-induced 

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Earth system model simulations show different carbon cycle feedback strengths under glacial and interglacial conditions

Markus Adloff1,2,a, Christian H. Reick1, and Martin Claussen1,2 1Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstraße 53, 20146 Hamburg, Germany 2Meteorological Institute, Centrum für Erdsystemforschung und Nachhaltigkeit (CEN), Universität Hamburg, Germany anow: School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, University Road, BS8 1SS, United Kingdom Abstract. In Earth system model simulations we find different carbon cycle sensitivities 

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Climate models over-estimated warming

By Graham Lloyd Climate models were wrong and being updated to better reflect the results of satellite temperature measurements that confirmed a slowdown in temperature rises over the past two decades, a group of leading climate scientists has said. The admission is contained in a new paper published in Nature Geoscience, which says natural factors 

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Attribution of surface temperature anomalies induced by land use and land cover changes

By Angela J. Rigden and Daniel Li Abstract Land use/land cover changes (LULCC) directly impact the surface temperature by modifying the radiative, physiological, and aerodynamic properties controlling the surface energy and water balances. In this study, we propose a new method to attribute changes in the surface temperature induced by LULCC to changes in radiative 

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The Transgenerational Effects of Elevated CO2 on Winter Wheat

Paper Reviewed Li, Y., Li, X., Yu, J. and Liu, F. 2017. Effect of the transgenerational exposure to elevated CO2 on the drought response of winter wheat: Stomatal control and water use efficiency. Environmental and Experimental Botany 136: 78-84. Transgenerational effects in living organisms occur from either maternal environmental effects or from evolutionary responses to 

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Study: Global warming directly linked to ocean surface temperature changes

Understanding multi-decadal global warming rate changes INSTITUTE OF ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES A long-standing mystery is that, despite the persistently increased greenhouse gases emissions throughout the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, the globally-averaged surface temperature has shown distinct multi-decadal fluctuations since 1900, including two weak global warming slowdowns in the mid-twentieth century and 

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20 More New Papers Link Solar Forcing To Climate Change – Now 80 Sun-Climate Papers For 2017

By Kenneth Richard Since 2014, 400 Scientific Papers Affirm A Strong Sun-Climate Link 2017 – 80 Scientific Papers Linking Solar Forcing To Climate 2016 – 133 Scientific Papers Linking Solar Forcing To Climate 2015 – 95 Scientific Papers Linking Solar Forcing To Climate 2014 – 93 Scientific Papers Linking Solar Forcing To Climate The 20 Latest 

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Multi vegetation model evaluation of the Green Sahara climate regime†

By Peter O. Hopcroft, Paul J. Valdes, Anna B. Harper and David J. Beerling Abstract During the Quaternary, the Sahara desert was periodically colonised by vegetation, likely because of orbitally-induced rainfall increases. However, the estimated hydrological change is not reproduced in climate model simulations, undermining confidence in projections of future rainfall. We evaluated the relationship 

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